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CASE REPORT
Year : 2021  |  Volume : 5  |  Issue : 2  |  Page : 135-137

Spinal Anesthesia for Cesarean Section in a Coagulated Patient with Antiphospholipid Syndrome


Department of Anesthesiology and Intensive Care, Faculty of Medicine, Udayana University, Bali, Indonesia

Correspondence Address:
Dr. Christopher Ryalino
Department of Anesthesiology and Intensive Care, Faculty of Medicine, Udayana University, Jl. PB Sudirman, Denpasar 80232, Bali
Indonesia
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None


DOI: 10.4103/bjoa.bjoa_231_20

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Antiphospholipid syndrome (APS) is a systemic autoimmune disease characterized by vascular thrombosis or pregnancy complications with the presence of antiphospholipid antibodies. It is a rare disease affecting 40–50/100,000 population yet responsible for 10%–15% of recurrent pregnancy loss. Diagnosis requires at least one clinical and one laboratory criteria to be met. Perioperative management in obstetric APS underwent cesarean section stressed on the management of anticoagulation and proper choice of anesthesia technique. We report the case of a 21-years-old woman, 39 weeks pregnant, diagnosed with APS since the 8th week of gestation. She had two previous miscarriages and an elevated level of anticardiolipin antibody (aCL IgG: 21 GPL U/ml) with normal aCL IgM and lupus anticoagulant. She was treated with a prophylactic dose of low-molecular-weight heparin (0.4 IU subcutaneous enoxaparin) and oral aspirin 80 mg daily. She presented to the obstetric department and scheduled for an urgent cesarean section. Enoxaparin was held, and the surgery was done with spinal anesthesia. Anticoagulation resumed 12 h after surgery. No complications on the mother and baby were found after 3 days of observation.


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