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ORIGINAL ARTICLE
Year : 2019  |  Volume : 3  |  Issue : 1  |  Page : 1-4

Co-administration of dexmedetomidine and levobupivacaine results in better onset and duration of epidural anesthesia in lower extremity orthopedic surgery


1 Department of Anesthesiology and Intensive Care, Sriwijaya University, Palembang, Indonesia
2 Department of Pharmacology Faculty of Medicine, Sriwijaya University, Palembang, Indonesia

Correspondence Address:
Ihsan Affandi
Department of Anesthesiology and Intensive Care, Faculty of Medicine, Sriwijaya University Jl. Jend. Sudirman KM. 3.5, Palembang, South Sumatera 30126
Indonesia
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None


DOI: 10.15562/bjoa.v3i1.61

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Background: The goal of this study is to know the efficacy of the addition of 0.5 mcg/kg dexmedetomidine to 15 mL isobaric 0.5% levobupivacaine on the onset and duration of sensory and motor blockade of epidural anesthesia in lower extremity orthopedic surgery. Methods: Randomized clinical double-blind trials were conducted in Dr. Mohammad Hoesin Hospital Palembang. A total of 34 patients underwent lower extremity surgery met the inclusion and exclusion criteria. Data were analyzed by independent t-test and Mann-Whitney test using SPSS 22.0 software. Result: The onset of sensory block in group D was 5.41±1.84 minutes compared to 17.59± 2.65 in Group C (p <0.001), as seen in [Table 2]. The sensory block duration was 362.41±25.66 minutes in Group D compared to 215.82±15.69 in Group C (p <0.001). The onset of the motoric block in group D was 16.53±1.81 minutes compared to 26.12±2.78 in Group C (p <0.001), while the motoric block duration was 301.29±20.55 minutes in Group D compared to 167.35±17.24 in Group C (p <0.001). Conclusion: The addition of 0.5mcg/kg dexmedetomidine to 15 ml isobaric 0.5% levobupivacaine in epidural anesthesia provide faster onset and prolonged duration in both motoric and sensory block in patients undergoing lower extremity surgery.


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